Basil plants are among the most popular herb plants to grow by gardeners around the world.
If you have the itch to grow something and it’s not quite warm enough to plant basil outside, growing them from seed can be a good idea.
We’ll cover some details on how to grow basil from seed and helpful information to keep in mind as your seeds germinate and grow into small basil plants.
Why plant basil from seed
There are a number of reasons you may want to grow your basil from seed.
The first, and already mentioned, is time. If you’re in the winter months, purchasing small basil plants to grow may not be possible.
You can also save money, as basil seeds are a fraction of the price of purchasing young plants at a nursery or garden center.
Finally, it gives you a feeling of satisfaction to grow the basil plant from seed all the way through to the end of its lifecycle.
Varieties of basil you can start from seed
You can plant most basil varieties from seed.
What temperature is ideal?
A basil seed requires a certain temperature range in order to germinate. Outside of this optimum range, germinating your basil seeds is still possible, but your success rate will be less.
Most plants’ ideal temperature range to germinate is 68 – 86 degrees Fahrenheit.
When to sow the basil seeds
Choosing the best time to sow your basil seeds depends on when you are planning on planting them outside.
Typically, basil seeds should be planted 6-8 weeks before you plant to plant them outside. Check your seed packet for the specific timing of your planting.
It’s definitely possible to plant basil outside of this window, but you may need to nurture the plant more inside before it’s warm enough to plant it outside.
Knowing when to plant an annual outside can be tricky, so make sure it’s not too early in the season when you plant your basil outside.
How long will it take for basil seeds to germinate?
Your basil seeds should germinate 7-14 days after they are planted.
This timeframe may change depending on how consistently you are keeping the soil moist and in the light. A seed that isn’t well taken care of will take longer to germinate or die before ever sprouting.
How to plant basil from seed
To plant basil from seed, you can follow the following steps
1. Purchase the basil seeds & potting soil
This can be done at many garden centers or greenhouses. If seeds are not available this way, many online stores offer basil seeds for sale.
Your basil seeds will grow best in potting soil rather than topsoil, so make sure to purchase some potting soil to plant the seeds in.
2. Find a container to plant in
You’ll need a container for your soil and basil seed. Seeds do not need much space to grow. In fact, you can plant multiple seeds in the same container and then separate the sprouts once they germinated and plant them in their own spot.
For a home solution, egg cartons or egg trays can be a good place to plant seeds and have them sprout. These containers provide more than enough room for a seed to germinate.
3. Plant your basil seeds
To plant the basil seeds, fill your container with potting soil. No need to fill it to the brim, as water runoff may overflow the container.
Now it’s time to plant your seed. The general rule of thumb with seeds is to plant them 2 to 3 times their length. You’ll want to error on the side of not planting them deep enough.
To plant the seed, you can poke a hole in the potting soil with your finger, or use a stick.
Cover the seed up with potting soil once you have placed the basil seed in the hole.
4. Water your newly planted basil seed
Water the basil lightly. Be careful not to overwater it. A basil seed only needs damp soil to begin its germination.
Transplanting basil seedlings
After the basil seed has sprouted, you can transplant it into another container.
To do this, push your finger down below the sprout and gently pull up so that minimal roots are damaged.
Once you have a free basil sprout, you can plant it in another container and gently water it in.